Sports gambling is the activity of predicting sports results and placing a bet on the result. The frequency of sport wager upon changes by culture, together with the huge majority of bets being placed on institution football, American football, baseball, basketball, hockey, track cycling, auto racing, mixed martial arts, and boxing in both the amateur and professional levels. Sports gambling also can extend to non-athletic events, such as fact show competitions and governmental elections, and non-human contests like horse racing, greyhound racing, and illegal, underground cockfighting. It’s not unusual for sports betting websites to offer wagers for entertainment events such as the Grammy awards, the Oscars, and the Emmy Awards.
Sports bettors put their wagers either lawfully, through a bookmaker/sportsbook, or through privately run enterprises. The term»publication» is a reference to the books used by wagebrokers to track wagers, payouts, as well as trades. Many legal sportsbooks are located online, operated over the Web from jurisdictions separate from the customers they serve, generally to get around various gaming laws (such as the Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006 from the United States) in select markets, such as Las Vegas, Nevada, or even on gambling cruises through self-serve kiosks. They accept bets»upfront», meaning that the bettor must pay the sportsbook before placing the bet. Illegal bookies, due to the character of their enterprise, can function anywhere but only need money from dropping bettors and do not need the cash up front, creating the possibility of debt to the bookie from the bettor. This produces numerous other criminal elements, thereby bettering their illegality.
Sports gambling has caused several of scandals in sport, affecting the integrity of sports events through various acts including point shaving (players affecting the score by missing shots), spot-fixing (a player activity is fixed), bad calls from officials in key moments, and total match fixing (the total consequence of the occasion is fixed). Examples include the 1919 World Series, the alleged (and later confessed ) illegal gambling of former MLB player Pete Rose, and former NBA referee Tim Donaghy. Among the greatest scandals of all involves the 2002 NBA Championship games. Tim Donaghy was gambling on the spreads for the matches that he refereed. After his trial, Tim Donaghy went on to release a statement to the public stating how one of the most controversial games in NBA history, Game half the 2002 NBA Western Conference finals, was rigged. 
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